History

Ground-breaking inventions that revolutionized the petroleum industry

For more than a century, innovation has been part of our DNA. Baker Hughes was formed in 1987 with the merger of Baker International and Hughes Tool Company - both founded over 100 years ago when R.C. Baker and Howard Hughes conceived ground-breaking inventions that revolutionized the fledging petroleum era. Since those earliest advancements, we’ve never stopped searching for solutions to conquer the next frontier.

In 1907, Reuben C. Baker developed a casing shoe that modernized cable tool drilling. In 1909, Howard R. Hughes, Sr. introduced the first roller cutter bit that dramatically improved the rotary drilling process. Over the ensuing eight decades, Baker International and Hughes Tool Company continued to lead the industry with innovative products in well completions, drilling tools and related services.

During its history, Baker Hughes has acquired and integrated numerous oilfield pioneers including: Brown Oil Tools, CTC, EDECO, and Elder Oil Tools (completions); Milchem and Newpark (drilling fluids); EXLOG (mud logging); Eastman Christensen and Drilex (directional drilling and diamond drill bits); Teleco (measurement while drilling); Tri-State and Wilson (fishing tools and services); Centrilift (artificial lift); Aquaness, Chemlink and Petrolite (specialty chemicals); Western Atlas (seismic exploration, well logging); BJ Services (pressure pumping).

Today, our nine geomarket management teams work to understand customer needs and coordinate delivery of individual products or comprehensive service solutions that include the right Baker Hughes technologies for the project. The Baker Hughes geomarkets are North America, South America, North Sea, Europe/Russia Caspian, Asia Pacific, Saudi Arabia, Middle East, Africa and Latin America.

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