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The typical subsurface safety valve for deepwater high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) subsea applications employs many operational techniques including pressure-balanced pistons using gas energy for assisted closure, hydraulic balance lines, or a heavy spring to ensure failsafe closure in the event of an emergency shutdown. Each of these techniques has an impact on the valve’s characteristics, which can raise concerns about valve operation or reliability.
A solution is desired that minimizes valve opening pressures by balancing tubing pressure , yet allowing extreme valve setting depth capability without compromising operational characteristics such as high opening pressures or pressure-balanced pistons using long term valve gas charge storage.
This paper discusses a new surface-controlled subsurface safety valve (SCSSV) control system that uses the low opening pressures of a tubing-pressure-insensitive safety valve, without gas-charged assisted closure or dual control lines for balanced line applications. This system eliminates the need for pressure reversals across the valve’s critical actuating piston seals, which increases valve reliability and sealing performance while maintaining tubing pressure insensitivity. This control system allows for deeper valve depth capabilities compared to the methods previously discussed, allowing the safety valve to overcome annulus pressure buildup scenarios not possible in current SCSSVs for the applications described.
This paper presents design considerations using an SCSSV control system allowing technological accomplishments not previously possible with existing SCSSV technology. Test results demonstrate the suitability of the new control system design for previously unattainable valve operating depths in aggressive well designs or annulus pressure buildup situations while enhancing valve reliability.